Ivy or heder
The plant is native to Europe. Belongs to the Araliaceae family. Distributed in Asia and northern Africa. The abundant green mass and high adaptability to various conditions made Ivy an ideal pet.
Ivy is a favorite plant of florists and designers. Hanging baskets or flowerpots with one ivy look beautifully, as well as compositions: indoor gardens, dry bouquets with the addition of a living plant. As a support in the ivy pot, you can install a bamboo stick, a metal wire curved in the form of a ring, spiral or a house. Cut ivy shoots and leaves for a long time retain decorative effect and are used to make bouquets.
To form a lush crown, it is necessary to break off the tops. It is better to do this at the end of summer or when transplanting. Broken stems can be used for rooting. Do not forget to feed your pet. Fertilizer should be rich in nitrogen and potassium. In the summer, it is recommended to top-up once every two weeks.
If you wish, you can make a standard tree, that is, vaccinate the cuttings of a heder on a fatsheder (a hybrid of Fatsia or Aralia and heders). To do this, cut the lateral shoots of the fatsheder and tie the stem to the supports. When the plant reaches 1 m in height, crop the top horizontally. On the upper surface of the fatscheder stalk, make incisions 2-2.5 cm deep, into which 4 ivy cut off obliquely cut stems are inserted, and the fatsheder’s trunk is tightly tied with natural fiber twine.
Ivy blooms in culture rarely, aged 10-12 years. The flowers are inconspicuous, small, collected in umbrella-shaped inflorescences, with an unpleasant odor. After flowering, berries are formed, very poisonous. Therefore, even if your plant picks up buds, you should not leave them.
Ivy Care at Home
Ivy is a strong and stable plant, with regular watering it withstands high temperatures. The optimum temperature is 15-17 ° C. He feels good in shady places, although he loves sunlight. Variegated representatives of this genus in the absence of sunlight may lose their color.
Ivy should be watered regularly and plentifully. The main thing is that the earthen lump is wet, but still the swamp should not be raised. In winter, reduce watering, let the earth dry.
Ivy loves moisture. Systematic spraying of leaves, and sometimes a warm shower, will please your pet. In winter, during heating, it is useful to install ivy in a tray with wet gravel or expanded clay. Dry air will cause the appearance of brown dry spots on the leaves, as well as exposing the trunk.
In the summer, flower fertilizer is applied once a week. In winter, they feed monthly, or once every two months. Depending on the condition of the plant.
Cuttings root throughout the year, but better at the end of summer. Usually use the ends of the stems, which pinch for better growth of lateral shoots. The length of the cuttings is 8-20 cm, they are planted in 2-3 pieces in a pot with a soil mixture of sod, humus and sand, taken in equal proportions. Cuttings are covered with a glass jar, regularly watered and sprayed.
There is another way: cut the shoot with 8-10 leaves, lay horizontally in a groove made in wet sand with a depth of 1.5-2 cm. The leaves remain on the surface of the sand. On the tenth day, underground roots form from the air roots and the tip of the shoot begins to grow. After two weeks, the shoot is taken out of the sand and cut into cuttings with one leaf and roots. Plant 3 cuttings in small pots.
In the early years of life, when the plant is developing rapidly, annual transplantation may be required. It is better to carry out the procedure in the spring after a period of rest. In the future, only the topsoil can be changed. He likes small pots, so changing dishes is better if you notice that ivy has stopped growing. The land mixture consists of equal parts of leaf, turf, humus land, peat and sand.
The plant can be affected by a spider mite, aphids and worms, followed by the appearance of gray mold. To avoid this, ventilate the room more often.
Possible Ivy Growing Difficulties
Brown and dry leaf margins; stalk poorly leafy. Cause - temperature is too high. Pay attention if there is a spider mite. Trim the bare stems, move the plant to a cooler place.
Small leaves. Bare twisted stems. Cause - lack of light, although adult leaves at the base of the stem tend to fall with age. Trim the bare stems.
Leaves lose their mottled color. Cause - lack of light. Variegated varieties with a lack of light acquire an even green color. Another reason may be the tightness of the pot.
Leaf tips brown and dry. Slow growth. Cause - air is too dry. Look for a red spider mite. Remove dead leaves. Spray the plant regularly.
Useful properties of ivy
The plant has an antibacterial, antifungal, anti-inflammatory effect. This is a very useful indoor plant - ivy cleans the air of formaldehydes, trichlorethylene, xylene, benzene.