"Korinka Russian" - my favorite grape
In my garden, I prefer to cultivate a culture of minimal care. Cultivated grapes require a lot of care from the gardener - not easy pruning, rationing, sheltering, combating diseases and pests, etc. In general, such grapes are not my option. Nevertheless, we have on the site growing table grapes inherited from the old owners - “Korinka Russkaya”. This wonderful variety won my heart! He has many advantages and forgives not too scrupulous care on my part. I’ll tell about him in my article.
Grapes "Korinka Russian" was created at the Central Genetic Laboratory named after Michurin in Tambov. The authors of the cultivar were breeders I.M. Filippenko and L.T. Shtin. The variety was bred on the basis of the crossing of the parental pair: “Dawn of the North” grapes and “Black kishmish” grapes. The variety “Korinka Russkaya” is included in the State Register for the Central Black Earth Region.
The word "cinnamon" itself means "raisins" obtained from seedless grapes with very small berries (also called "Corinthian raisins"). Initially, a very sweet small grape without seeds was grown in Greece. And the word "cinnamon" in Russian and in English, apparently, came from the name of the ancient city of Corinth, from the ports of which this type of raisin was supplied.
The name "Korinka Russian" emphasizes the domestic origin of the variety, which is also ideal for the production of dried fruits of this type.
This variety is a vigorous vine, which can reach three meters in height. The leaves are large, slightly pubescent, with severe venation and a slight degree of dissection.
Bunches of medium size, conical shape, are often complex, the average weight of one brush 250 grams. Small berries of regular round shape, with a diameter of 0.5-1 cm. The color of the berries from light green to golden yellow, as the fruit ripens from the sunniest side, a pinkish blush appears on the fruits. The pulp is fleshy, dense and very juicy.
The taste is sweet. Sugar content from 20-22% and above. The acidity is not more than 5 grams per liter, which is one of the best indicators of the ratio of sugar content and acid among grape varieties.
The bones are almost completely absent, but can occasionally be found - tiny small and soft bones, which are not required to be removed. The skin is very thin, also of a sweet taste, while the berries do not burst and have high transportability.
Winter hardiness: up to -26 ... -28 degrees. Moreover, the degree of ripening of the vines is quite high - from 2/3 to 6/7 of the entire length of the shoots. Due to the very early ripening time, the variety can be grown in the northwestern regions of Russia, as well as in the Far East, the Urals and Siberia. But in the northern regions, the ripening dates are slightly shifted to a later time.
The vegetative period of the Korinka Russkaya grape is about 110 days from the moment of leaf opening. The first berries can be enjoyed in late July-early August, and the main crop is harvested in mid-August.
The berries do not crumble and can remain on the bush until the fall, while the accumulation of sugars continues in the pulp. Productivity is quite high and with good care it can reach 12 kilograms per bush.
The variety is self-fertile, a pollinator is not required. It can be used fresh, ideal for raisins, suitable for making juice, preserves, stewed fruit, and is also used in winemaking.
When conducting competent pruning of grapes on each vine, leave no more than 10 eyes. The total load on one plant should not exceed more than 40 buds per bush. To reduce the load on the bush, you can also normalize the crop, that is, on each vine leave only one bunch.
Korinka Russkaya - advantages and disadvantages
Advantages Korinka Russian grapes:
- unpretentiousness in leaving;
- great sweet taste
- very early ripening;
- high rates of shoot ripening;
- ideal for making homemade raisins;
- sufficient frost resistance;
- does not require a pollinator;
- high transportability of berries;
- there is relative resistance to mildew and gray rot;
- the problem of fruit peeling is minimal or completely absent;
- unlike American seedless varieties, it used to gain sweetness;
- An ideal grade for beginners or lazy gardeners.
True, there are limitations. This grape is not very resistant to fungal diseases in rainy weather (especially to oidium), therefore, it needs preventive treatments. Very small berries can also not be considered a virtue. Cinnamon is a vigorous variety that requires pruning.
And such a dignity as high sweetness has the other side of the coin - cinnamon is too attractive for wasps. Often there is a need to protect the brush with special gauze bags.
My experience in growing Russian cinnamon
We grow this variety in the summer cottage of the Voronezh region of the Central Black Earth Region. Due to increased employment, we do not carry out any preventive treatments on the plant. Nevertheless, we were left without a crop for only one year (all hands were hit by an oidium). Then it turned out to be a very damp and cold summer, and in May the site temporarily almost completely went under water during the flood. It’s even fortunate that grapes didn’t die at all in such conditions!
In other years, with minimal care, we regularly have the opportunity to enjoy its juicy and sweet berries. No complicated air-dry shelters for this grape have to be built. In late autumn, we simply bend the vines to the ground and wrap them in two layers of dense non-woven material.
Mushroom diseases from time to time appear on foliage closer to fall after harvest. We have quite fertile soils and we have never had to feed grapes, and care consists only in watering during a long drought.
We also do not use special pruning for Russian cinnamon, but only cut the grapes in order to moderate growth a bit. Productivity in this case can be called average.
This variety has dense, complex brushes consisting of many round pea-shaped berries without seeds. The taste of cinnamon is really very, very sweet, literally honey (with a tangible honey aftertaste), but not repulsive, sugary. However, he does not have a typical grape flavor with sourness, which is found in many varieties. Its thin skin with a characteristic waxy coating is also sweet and does not cause any bite when you do not eat it.
We harvest in early August, and it seems like a real miracle, because we are all used to considering grapes an autumn delicacy. The grapes are very juicy, the cinnamon can be eaten even unripe (then the berries are more elastic and very slightly sour). This is the grape from which it is difficult to break away.
It is easy to eat right from the bush, and the small size of the berries does not play any role here. Due to the lack of seeds and rough skin, it is not at all necessary to tear grapes by the berry; it can be safely bitten off from the brush even with the stalks.
I believe that, in addition to raisins, this variety could make an excellent juice or compote. But we prefer to eat it completely fresh. To all gardeners who are afraid to grow grapes, I recommend trying this amazing unpretentious delicious variety, especially if the family has children. They will definitely be delighted with such "candy beads."